Basic Photography Techniques

Basic Photography Techniques to Get the Perfect Shot

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Nowadays, with the growth of technology and the continuous development of cameras, it’s no wonder why many people have grown to love photography. Unlike much older types of arts, taking photos does not require years of training to produce an “okay” result. In fact, anyone can take a picture and aim, click and shoot. However, the results will always be the same and that’s just what they are – okay – unremarkable.

Now, if you want to become a photographer and to have that special, breathtaking and beautiful photos that you wish for, then you will need to master photographic techniques beyond that of simply aiming and shooting.

Start From the Basics

To guarantee you the results you want, we’ve come up with the most basic photography techniques that you can start trying out. These techniques and being able to master them will stand as your foundation towards your passion for photography as well as your journey of becoming a photographer. You can also use them to build your skills, perspective, and own style.

The photography techniques we’ve listed below are just some of the most basic techniques that produce quality photographs. However, you will need time and a lot of photos taken before you can perfect each skill. Once you get used to them, you will surely start applying them every time you take a picture – without you noticing!

Composition Techniques for the Perfect Shot

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  • Framing

Here’s a type of composition technique where you use or add frame elements to put the emphasis of your viewer’s eyes towards your subject. This allows you to add depth and interest to an image. And, you can use anything from rock formations, windows, tunnels, or any object or item that can help bring focus to your subject. It can have any form or shape as long as it creates an aesthetically pleasing photo.

Contrary to popular belief, frames need not cover every side of your image. Using only one or two sides is also effective.

  • Patterns, Lines, and Shapes

Lines, patterns, and shapes are all very important elements that our eyes are naturally drawn to. Patterns offer a visually rhythmic sight, making them extremely eye-catching and interesting. And, if you look for shapes and colors that are balanced evenly, well-defined, and repetitive, you can change the way a person sees your photo. You can also use lines to naturally lead your viewer’s eyes and bring the focus to your desired subject.

To give you an idea, hallways, buildings, roads, and bridges have lines that become narrow at the end, making them perfect for showing linear perspective. You can use the windows at your home, multiple doors, and other architectural structures.

  • Contrasting Elements

Here’s an easy technique where you can use contrasting elements to make your subject stand out. You can choose physical elements such as rocks and trees, the sky and the foliage, or ice and fire. You may also use contrasting colors, shadows, lights, and even motion blur.

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  • Symmetrical Balance

When we speak of symmetrical in photography, we mean balance. So,  there must be the same elements of equal weight on both sides of an image. This is a widely popular technique with highly appreciated results. And, this is because people unconsciously look for symmetry in everything. Images with this technique create a pleasing and soothing sensation to one’s eyes and mind.

  • Asymmetrical Balance

On the other hand, there’s the asymmetrical balance. So, it means having a visually imbalanced image. Now, that may not sound as pleasing but trust us, asymmetrical photos are actually very interesting to look at. Photos with this kind of technique often result in an unsettling and intriguing feeling. Instead of mirror images on both sides of your picture, the elements of your subject will have different shapes, tones, placement, weight, and size.

To help give you an idea, you can include two contrasting subjects and, following the Rule of Thirds, place them off center. These can be two different items or two same objects but differ in color or size. You can achieve balance by equaling these elements even with their differences. Now, this is harder to pull off than symmetrical balance but, as with every technique, it gets better with practice and application.

Guidelines Not Rules

While we recommend using these techniques every time you take a picture, we don’t consider them as rules to strictly follow. These are only guidelines that you can use to make the overall composition of your photos better and more pleasing to the eyes.

Also, while it is indeed important to understand and execute each of the basic techniques we’ve listed, we also believe in listening to your instincts and creativity!


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